Islam in Ethiopia is known since the time of the Prophet.
The first Hijrah was in Ethiopia at the order of the Mohammed the founder of Islam.
Since the Arab Spring of 2011 Ethiopia tested its share reaching climax in 2012.
This video shows the different positions of the Ethiopian Islamist and the different manifestations those anti and pro as the situation start being exploited by the regime which is leading to more exacerbation and more clamp down with no solution.
The revolt would lead to general uprising and regime change, if it is not kidnapped by sectarians and only if the other sector of the society joins the insurgency.
ፍሬዘር ሰይፋ ደበበ Freazer Seifu Debebe born in Ankober region of Ethiopia. His families kept the Ark of Moses hidden in his village. The Ark was taken from Axum to Ankober by the order of the King of Kings Haile Selassie. Freazer family hided the Ark in the time of the Italian occupation.
Today Frieazer is exiled in Germany where his asylum request is been rejected.
In Ethiopia he was imprisoned and victim of the atrocities of Melese Zenawi’s dictatorial regime.
His asylum case was misrepresented and mistranslated to the Authorities in Germany.
Today , he is working under the auspices of EPPF to liberate his home land Ethiopia.
The newly elected president Mohamed Morsy is opening history books to solve the Nile issue with the millennium old relation of Egyptian Coptic Church with Ethiopia. For over 1500 the Ethiopian Orthodox Church received its patriarch form Egypt . The Ethiopian church in return grants the freedom of worship in Egypt by using Nile as deterrence menacing to deviates the Nile water if freedom of Christian cult was not respected. There was a time the Ethiopian kings menaced the Egyptian Muslim leaders to detour the Nile water at its source if the persecution of the Muslims in the Nile country continuous.
There is other main diveregance between the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Egyptian Coptic church on Keys of the Der el Sultan Church in Jerusalem. The key is now in the hands of the Ethiopian monks at the monastery in the heart of Jerusalem. In the 1967 six day war the key was given back by the Israeli army to the Ethiopians. Recently the Israeli court judged in favor Egyptian church . This conflict by the sisterly churches was used as an arm by the Israeli politician between Egypt and Ethiopia. The author was once represented the Ethiopian side of the story at the Israeli court in the end of 1970’s.
The newly elected head of the Coptic Church at the recent death of the Patriarch Pope Shenouda III informed the press on Thursday that the church is prepared to accompany newly elected President Mohamed Morsy on his tour of Ethiopia to discuss Nile water allocation if asked to do so.
President Mohamed Morsy will visit Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, as the head of Egypt’s delegation at the African Summit on 15 and 16 July.
Relations between Egypt and Ethiopia were strained when in May 2010; Ethiopia joined other upstream Nile countries in signing the Entebbe agreement, which outlined new allocations for Nile water. The agreement was rejected by Egypt and Sudan, who both stands by a 1959 and 1929 accorded the lion share of the Nile of the waters.
Despite Egypt’s and international objections, in 2011 Ethiopia began work on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which Egypt claims may reduce its quota of Nile water and dries the Nile water eventually the only source of life giving water to Egypt.
Prior to his death, the Coptic Church’s leader Pope Shenouda III was working closely with members of the Ethiopian church to address this issue.
The deceased Pope Shenouda III was “keen on resolving this crisis during his meetings with religious figures in Ethiopia,” he said, adding that the church delegated several bishops to work on the issue.
The new “Death Dam” in construction in Ethiopian not only will salinate the Nile river but also deprive Egypt from the yearly floods that Egyptian farmers depended of over 12’000 years as the source of their civilization. The new death dam two times bigger than its source Lake Tana will soon be the biggest manmade lake in Africa with that of Aswan. To fill this big in human dam will take a minimum of 5 years during which Egyptian farmers will pay the dividend. Today countries like the US are dismantling dams to revive the traditional water flows after constructing over 1500 dams all over the country while African dictators of the Nile are damming the only source of frech water in the region, The Nile.
And the great Tana Lake in consequence will dry when all its water will sip down to the newly built artificial dam after the construction of the Ethiopian Dictators megalomania dam. Since Tana lake is placed at the alatitutde of 2200 meters and the the new Death Dam is down at 100 meters all waters will flow down to this in human barrage. According to the recent studies such pyramidal dams in the tropical areal will have a lasting consquence on the disequilibrium earth’s magnetic filed disturbances. (See Video)
Ethiopia could recurs to other sources of Energy like Thermal which in the abundance in the highland plateau and Egypt in return could be a partner in its realization to safe guard the Nile water by investing in this project. ( Prof. Muse Tegegne)
The last two regimes in Ethiopia have used famine as a weapon of war against their own people, but as means of survival on power. The communist regime displaced 100 thousands from Tigre & Wollo provinces to the other parts of Ethiopia in mid 1980′s. Today the irredentist regime of Melees Zenawie is using famine and hunger to push the Southern Omotic, Gambella and Benishengol tribal peoples from their homestead by damming their life giving water for the international land grabbers. Here is a recent article by Survival intentional confirming the same old new arm known from time immoral used to cleanse the original population from their ancestral land all over the world. The case of the Amerindians damped in reservations the Aborigines in Australia is a best historical example not forgetting the Romans. (Prof. Muse)
Survival has received disturbing reports from members of several tribes in Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley, which describe how the government is destroying their crops to force them to move off their land into designated resettlement areas.
Those most affected by the land grabs are Suri, Bodi and Mursi pastoralists, and the Kwegu hunter-gatherer people.
Many families are now desperate as they have no sorghum, and their cattle grazing land is also being rapidly destroyed as the government continues to lease out their land for sugar cane and oil palm plantations.
A Mursi explains what is happening:
From the Omo Valley
A Mursi woman speaks out against the destruction of the tribe’s crops. Her identity has been hidden to protect her from reprisals.
Some Bodi communities are already being moved in to camps against their will. A Bodi man said, ‘They are taking our land by force. The bulldozer even cleared the gardens where our crops were growing. They went right through where our sorghum was growing.’
The Mursi have been told they must sell their cattle, and will be moved to the resettlement camps by the end of this year. One Mursi woman said, ‘The other day I went to the Omo River. I went to my grain stores to get the grain and it was gone. My grain stores had been thrown away (by bulldozers). I don’t like what they are doing. When I went I just cried. Our grain stores were gone. Now we will have big problems. We don’t know what to do. Maybe we will die.’
According to one Suri man, ‘The government went with soldiers and for two weeks tried to prevent the Suri from planting crops. This was to force the people to be hungry and accept moving into the resettlement site. Most of the Suri are afraid to go to the place where they plant crops. Only a few went. In one village near the Malaysian plantation, three houses were burned down, with grain stores inside. This was done by the plantation workers.’
Human Rights Watch recently launched a damning new report ‘What Will Happen if Hunger Comes?’ which documents how government security forces are driving communities to relocate from their lands through violence and intimidation, threatening their entire way of life with no compensation or choice of alternative livelihoods.
Detractors of ethnic federalism in this country claim that it will take the country down a slippery path towards strife and possibly even disintegration. Supporters claim that it is necessary to bring previously marginalized communities into the mainstream. No one can predict the future, but it is wise to have a look at the international context to see how the experience has been so far. Ethiopia, an Eastern African country, offers plenty of opportunity in this regard. This former unitary state has now whole heartedly gone down the path of ethnic federalism. What have been the results?
The relevant modern history of Ethiopia starts in 1974 when Emperor Haile Selaisse was ousted and a communist government took its place. After much upheaval, this period ended in 1991 with the overthrow of Mengitsu Haile Mariam. Eritria, a restive province, declared its independence and separated in 1991. A new constitution was written in 1994 and following this, Meles Zenawi came to power in 1995 and has remained the head of his country ever since. In the last legislative elections, the coalition he heads, The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), of which his own party, The Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is by far the largest component, obtained over 99 per cent of the vote. With a history that goes back almost 4000 years, Ethiopia is culturally rich. The country is also culturally diverse. Although three main groups make up more than 70 per cent of the population, Ethiopia is home to almost 90 different ethno-linguistic groups. The Oromo, the largest ethnic group, contains, between 30 to 40 per cent of the country’s population. The heterogeneous nature of Ethiopian society, and its past unitary state status makes comparisons with Nepal logical. The International Crisis Group issued a report in 2009 entitled Ethiopia: Ethnic Federalism and its Discontents that was quite critical of the country’s current political structure. It argued that despite the nomenclature used, Ethiopia was far from being a true federation and rather that much power was centralized. Another study by Edmund J. Keller of the University of California, Los Angeles, concluded that Ethiopia is characterized by ‘limited autonomous decision making below the regional state level’ and a ‘great deal’ of central control making the country a ‘pseudo-democracy’ in reality.
Thus, all the progress and equality that ethnic federalism was supposed to have brought about appears not to have happened in reality. Breaking down the old unitary state was supposed to have led to a greater appreciation for inter ethnic differences, but, according to the ICG paper, in many cases just the opposite has happened. Very large ethnic groups like the Oromo have felt inadequately represented in the new system and continue to wage small scale violent attacks against the state. In fact, the ICG report suggests that this discontent among the Oromo could prove to be fatal to the Ethiopian state. Oromos may think that if they are not given more freedoms that the present government is no less oppressive than the ones in the past and may even decide to secede as the Eritrians did. Because Oromos are such a large fraction of the population, their secession would have enormous consequences. The irony is that Oromos have gained many more opportunities and rights under the present regime than they did in the past. Yet, many ethnic Oromo do not seem to be particularly grateful to the present government, and they argue that the few rights they are enjoying now are a result of the sacrifices made by their own indigenous movements such as the Oromo Liberation Front, which was started in 1974 (and which is now outlawed).
The EPRDF is dismissive of such claims, arguing that it alone brought ethnic consciousness among the people. Yet, it wants to have its cake and eat it too. It wants to take the moral high ground by declaring that it alone has given Ethiopia’s marginalized ethnic groups freedom and rights, and yet it does not want to give away real power to the federal units. Is this viable? Democratic countries, working ostensibly towards democratic ideals cannot hope to align themselves with autocrats for too long and still be thought of as being morally upright. Sooner or later, Meles will either be asked to reform himself or be discarded. In that case, Ethiopia will face many more difficulties trying to control secessionist movements.
Thus, Ethiopia’s case demonstrates that ethnic federalism, if not coupled with real autonomy and reforms can be seen by ethnic groups as only a token acceptance of their sovereignty. In that case, they may decide that only full independence can guarantee their rights. The Maoists’ understanding of ethnic independence seems to echo, in many ways that of the EPRDF (which itself is said to have a Stalinist understanding of ‘nationalities’ as they are ‘former’ communists). That is, the Maoists seem to want to give the various ethnic groups a few rights of self determination, while keeping most of the power at the center. But as ethnic groups in Nepal appear to have internalized their original identities even more strongly than in Ethiopia, it seems that the Maoists can no more control these movements as they could in the past.
Geologists working in the remote Afar region of Ethiopia say the ocean will eventually split the African continent in two, though it will take about 10 million years seems it is that end of time now we are in. As Many researchers are described the events as “truly incredible”. Used to understanding changes in the planet on timescales of millions of years have seen amazing changes in Afar in the past five years, where the continent is cracking open, quite literally underneath our feet. In 2005, a 60km long stretch of the earth opened up to a width of eight metres over a period of just ten days. Hot, molten rock from deep within the Earth is trickling to the surface and creating the split. Underground and eruptions are still continuing and, ultimately, the horn of Africa will fall away and a new ocean will form. Thus producing risk in the dams being constructed in the Ethiopian side of the valley
Did you feel it? Report shaking and damage at your location. You can also view a map displaying accumulated data from your report and others.
Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green
major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green
“The East African Rift System (EARS) is one the geologic wonders of the world, a place where the earth’s tectonic forces are presently trying to create new plates by splitting apart old ones. In simple terms, a rift can be thought of as a fracture in the earth’s surface that widens over time, or more technically, as an elongate basin bounded by opposed steeply dipping normal faults. Geologists are still debating exactly how rifting comes about, but the process is so well displayed in East Africa (Ethiopia-Kenya-Uganda-Tanzania) that geologists have attached a name to the new plate-to-be; the Nubian Plate makes up most of Africa, while the smaller plate that is pulling away has been named the Somalian Plate (Figure 1). These two plates are moving away form each other and also away from the Arabian plate to the north. The point where these three plates meet in the Afar region of Ethiopia forms what is called a triple-junction. However, all the rifting in East Africa is not confined to the Horn of Africa; there is a lot of rifting activity further south as well, extending into Kenya and Tanzania and Great Lakes region of Africa. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the general geology of these rifts are and highlight the geologic processes involved in their formation.” www.geology.com
The Ethiopian dictator made u-turn and decided to prolong it stay in Somalia mongering war since the northern front with Eritrea seems is now no menace though a continues fire exchange is live near Badme town from our reporter in the area . And Somalia has been chaos since warlord’s toppled Dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991. And since 1998 has been a continuation of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia.
Big pretext given by the Melees Zenawie to keep its troops in Somalia – “until the Horn of Africa country ratifies a constitution and its military is able to fend off militant threats on its own. ” Ethiopian forces captured the rebel stronghold of Baidoa in southern Somalia in February having seized Baladwayne from the militants and started evacuating when the conflict with Eritrea rekindled two weeks ago.
Melees Zenawie the irredentist dictator join the scramble for Somalia by rolling hundreds of troops across its border in November by opening up a third front against Shabab, the two main underline reasons are
- competition with Kenya for controlling the big portion of oil rich southern Somalia,
- and the fight with Eritrea since its ill-fated 2006-2009 incursion.- Ethiopia is to this day training and arming the different faction of Somali clans, while Eritrea is armed and trained Alshabab.
Once again Ethiopian dictator declared that his troops would only be deployed for a brief period to fight Alshabab militants. Later is also affronting 11,000 strong African Union (AMISOM) forces and Kenyans fighting to controlled the Azania corner oil rich Juba land as a “buffer zone”. .
This new 180 degree turn of the Ethiopian dictator stopping his sudden evacuation was justified in the following propaganda :-
“It (Ethiopia) will remain (in Somalia) until the Transitional Government (of Somalia) has adequately organized itself to fend off any attack from hostile forces,” ”There is no current plan to evacuate from Somalia until such time that a proper Somali constitution is ratified by all parties to the conflict, and until the constituent assembly will ratify the constitution,”
The new million dollars of US aid recently granted may be forced him to stay since he got a new indirectly mandate.
Last June Somalia’s feuding leaders agreed to extend the mandate of a transitional government for a year rather than hold elections, a move sought by Uganda which has peacekeepers stationed in the anarchic state.
The mandate for Somalia’s latest administration was meant to expire in August 2011 but President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed, a former Islamist rebel leader, and speaker Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden, who covets the top job, had been at loggerheads over what should happen then, and agreed to defer elections.
Alshabab seems strategically have surrendered territory in Mogadishu and across central and southern Somalia in the past few months weekend by AMISON forces where the Eritrean support is no more reaching crippled with sanction of 2008 and December 2011
AU and Somali government troops seem to secure little aid corridor between Mogadishu and a former rebel stronghold close to the capital. By the end of the month, Somali and Kenyan forces had captured the rebel stronghold and strategic town of Afmadow; but never able to capture the capital of Alshabab Kismayu.
Seizing Afmadow was considered a crucial step in the Kenyan drive towards the southern port city of Kismayu, the hub of al Shabab operations, about 120 km (75 miles) away.
Alshabab in areas they have vacated they are launching grenade attacks and using suicide bombers. The rebel group has waged a bloody five-year campaign to topple Somalia’s Western-backed government and impose its harsh interpretation of Islamic law with the support of Eritrea.
It continues to hold swathes of central and southern Somalia with help of Eritrea only against 11’000 AMISON Forces with Kenya and Ethiopia included.
The 2012 Failed state Index is released the eighth edition of its annual Failed States Index (FSI), highlighting global political, economic and social pressures experienced by states.
The 2012 FSI ranks the Horn of Africa dominates that of Somalia as number one for the fifth consecutive year, citing widespread lawlessness, ineffective government, terrorism, insurgency, crime, and well-publicized pirate attacks against foreign vessels, while Ethiopia stood at the 17 place scoring 97.7 worst than Eritrea that stood 23 with a score of 94.3. Kenya stood 16 with a score of 98.4.
Ethiopia lost three places from last year. It is the worst while dealing with its demography at the same time India has more demographic trends scores 78 place with 78.1 points. So there is no reason why Ethiopia scored the worst in its ability to meet the challenges of Demographic Pressures only deference is democracy and development. Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa and has one of the highest birth rates in the world, it constantly struggles to feed itself with its dictatorial leaders letting the most fertile land to be grabbed by the Indian and Saudi speculators while over 70 % three meals a day . Ethiopia would be first if the score is only based on the country that starves worst its population the last 50 years. Last but not list Ethiopia’s worst security apparatus that terrorize its own population and human right violations pushes here up on the index.
Meanwhile, Finland has remained in the best position, with its Scandinavian neighbors Sweden and Denmark rounding out the best three rankings. All three nations benefit from strong social and economic indicators, paired with excellent provision of public services and respect for human rights and the rule of law.
The FSI ranks 178 countries using 12 social, economic, and political indicators of pressure on the state, along with over 100 sub-indicators. These include such issues as Uneven Development, State Legitimacy, Group Grievance, and Human Rights. Each indicator is rated on a scale of 1-10, based on the analysis of millions of publicly available documents, other quantitative data, and assessments by analysts. A high score indicates high pressure on the state, and therefore a higher risk of instability.
Other notable changes this year include countries affected by the Arab Spring. Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia all ranked significantly worse than the previous year. Libya’s decline was the most remarkable, with the country registering the worst year-on-year worsening in the history of the FSI as a result of civil war, a NATO-led campaign of airstrikes and the toppling of the Kaddafi regime. Similarly, Syria registered the fourth-greatest year-on-year worsening in the history of the FSI as the campaign of violence by the Assad government took hold.
Witnesses say that hundreds of gun-toting al-Shabab fighters have moved back into central Somali towns abandoned over the last week by Ethiopian troops. At the same time many foreigners are abandoning the Eritrean capital in fear of the eventual Ethiopian Attack to topple the main allay of Alshabab Isasias Afwerki from his strong hold.
Many Witnesses say that hundreds of gun-toting Al-Shabab fighters have moved back into central Somali towns abandoned over the last week by Ethiopian troops as the same time from Asmara many of the Diasporas is contacted by their families at home that the Europeans residents are packing and we are informed by our local reporter
Ali Muhyadin, a resident in the town of El-bur, said Tuesday that residents woke up on Sunday and found that Ethiopian troops had abandoned their bases, while in Asmara the allied of Alshabab the Europeans are precipitating to leave.
Residents said al-Shabab fighters then beheaded two men accused of collaborating with the Ethiopians and dumped their headless bodies in town.
Al-Shabab was reported to have returned to two other towns – Mahas and Wabho – after Ethiopian troops left.
The pretext is reported by the Ethiopian that their dictator has recently promised that Ethiopian forces would leave Somalia soon but the capital of Eritrea the westerns are following closely the conflict since mid may. Ethiopian forces still occupy the larger towns of Baidoa and Beledweyne in Somalia and Badme the border city between two belligerent brothers in arm- Zenawie & Afwerki. Even the former troop have occupied more territories inside Eritrea since the last accrochage . Soon the hidden conflict will come to light when the international media turns its attention, today it seems a forgotten conflict in front of Iraq and Afghanistan.